We cannot manufacture coffee in a factory. We get it from the plants. So, plants have genetic characteristics. In terms of coffee bean types and flavors, there are two types of coffee beans available in the market. They are like opponents (Arabica Vs Robusta). One is coffee Arabica and the other is coffee Robusta (Coffea Canephora). All over the world, around 75% of the coffee beans come from Arabica species plants. Whereas Robusta coffee plants produce 25% beans annually. Arabica coffee brands considered as premium coffee brands as well as higher in price. However, Robusta coffee brands considered as an instant coffee. There is a believe that Arabica coffee brands are better than Robusta coffee brands. But what are the reasons behind that?
Difference between Arabica Coffee and Robusta Coffee Plant
Let’s zoom in on 8 differences between two species of coffee.
The most common and widely known feature. The taste of Arabica coffee has a wider range. Their range in taste between fruity to bitter. It has higher acidity. It is generally sweeter than Robusta coffee. The smells are close to blueberries.
Furthermore, the taste range of Robusta coffee bean is between neutral to harsh. It contains less sugar. It provides bland crema, lower acidity than Arabica.
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2. Production Conditions
For having the Arabica coffee benefits, it needs a cool climate, ample amount of moisture. It demands proper sunshine with sunshade. But it can be easily attacked by various pests and highly sophisticated in terms of bad handling. Moreover, it must be grown at a higher place above 600 to 2000 meters. Brazil is the largest producer of it.
On the other hand, Robusta coffee is popular due to its easy maintenance. It is cultivated widely and produces more crops per acre at a lower price. It grows at lower spaces of 200 to 800 meters. In addition, it is less risky about pest control and rough handling. Vietnam is the largest producer of it.
According to supply, demand, and trade in the last 150 years, it has determined that Arabica coffee bean is much more superior to Robusta coffee bean. Arabica coffee bean has the highest quality blends as well as expensive.
But it does not mean that Robusta coffee bean is not good enough.
For instance, in Italy, home of espresso, Robusta is widely used. Because peoples are affectionate for their strength and crema. Many coffee shops contain a large portion of Robusta coffee. So, in the commodity market, the price of Robusta is almost half of the Arabica.
Arabica beans are oval in shape and larger in size. It is pronounced center folding. Again the height of Arabica trees is 3-4 meter long (10-14 ft).
On the other hand, Robusta beans are polar in size and smaller too. Robusta coffee tree is larger than Arabica coffee tree. It grows up to 10-12m (33-40 ft) in height. Moreover, the productions of Robusta beans are bigger than the Arabica.
5. Chemistry and flavor
At first, we know that coffee beans have various components such as acids, sugar, oil and so on. Both types of coffee beans have differences in the ratio. For instance, Arabica contains oils about 15% to 17% which is higher than Robusta. Besides this, other components like sugar are available in 6-9%. That makes Arabica sweeter.
On the other hand, Robusta has less percentage of oil which is about 10-12% as well as sugar level is 3-7%. But it does not mean that Robusta coffee is not perfect. It has some specialties too. It has approximately double the number of chlorogenic acids and makes itself stronger tastes like cappuccinos. A mug of cappuccino can give you a good kick in your daily morning.
Both coffee beans have some individual characteristics. According to Arabica beans, it is more sophisticated in character. These beans are very low resistance to weather and can be affected by germs easily. Besides this, the process of cultivation is more specific.
In contrast, Robusta beans have high resistance to weather. The immune system is also high. In addition, it requires less cultivation process.
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7. Caffeine content
In caffeine content, there is a big difference between Arabica coffee bean and Robusta coffee beans.
Arabica coffee beans contain less caffeine compared to Robusta coffee beans. In a study, it has found that Robusta coffee has double the amount of caffeine (1.7%-4%). Furthermore, in an experiment, there is 140-200 mg caffeine exist 6-ounce average cup. Whereas, for Arabica coffee beans, it is only 75-130 gram.
The roasting process plays an important role in getting the right flavor of coffee. The type of roast depends on the temperature absorption capacity of the coffee bean.
So after the roasting process, the difference between Arabica and Robusta becomes clear. After roasting, Robusta beans tend to be more circular-shaped than Arabica beans.
After roasting, the caffeine, lipid, and sugar contents of Arabica and Robusta are also exceptions.
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Five Arabica Brands
Columbia Blend, Sudden Coffee, Maxwell House Coffee, Nescafé Classics, Mount Hagen and so on.
Five Robusta Brands
Death wishes coffee, Valhalla java, Bach Vietnamese coffee, Anni Coffee, Urja and so on.
Arabica Vs Robusta: Which Coffee is better?
If you think about popularity, Arabica Coffee is definitely the winner. Robusta beans were used to make instant coffee in the past but over time the quality of instant coffee has been improved and 100% quality Arabica coffee is being used.
However, due to differences in consumer tastes, many people prefer to get bitter, rubbery flavors or use cream and sugar in coffee. Robusta coffee is the winner when you think of this kind of taste and flavor.
Both types of coffee bean have some criteria individually. For Arabica coffee bean, it has amazing sweet and diversity flavors. But more expensive than Robusta. Additionally, for Robusta coffee bean, it is high yield and climate resistant. But it has less diversity option and unpleasant bitter taste. Above all information, it does not mean that “Arabica is better than Robusta.” Because Robusta is full of the potential resource. Farmer enjoys cultivating this type of bean.
So, you can have it according to your mood. Have a great cup of coffee.